A group of Shiva Temples of the Thanjavur Maratha dynasty is situated at Vambulancholai on the southern bank of river Vadavar which flows in the Northern periphery of Thanjavur town. This place is called as Kailash Mahal or Raja Gori.
These temples, mostly dating from the seventeenth to the nineteenth centuries are of special significance for the following reason.
- The Maratha rulers of Thanjavur are Saivite’s who believe that after death, one would attain Sivapadham (the glorious feet of Lord Shiva). These temples were erected exactly at the place where a ruler or his consort were cremated. If the temple was raised in memory of a male member of the family, it housed a Sivalingam and if the shrine was built in memory of a female member, it housed the idol of the Goddess Parvathi.